According to the 2011 census Paschim Medinipur district has a population of 5,943,300, roughly equal to the nation of Eritrea or the US state of Missouri. This gives it a ranking of 14th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 636 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,650/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.44%. Paschim Medinipur has a sex ratio of 960 females for every 1000 males and a literacy rate of 79.04%.