Archaeology

Medinipur district is much enriched in its archaeology. Social evolution has been started in this region as before 15,000,00 years ago. Pre-historic features of this region can be proved from its stone age evidences, which are collected from the river-beds of Subarnarekha, Kansavati and Tarapheni.

Important archaeological sites are:

Bankati:

This site is under Sankrail PS of Jhargram sub-division. Hundreds of weapon have been discovered here, which are of stone-age in dating back. Weapons made of quartzite and ageing to Neolithic period and Mesolithic age and small weapons of Mesolithic age are also found here. Weapons like pebble tool, scrapper and cutter have been discovered here.

Chaugarh: This site is under Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division. Hundreds of stone weapon have been discovered here, most of the pebble tools are made of quartzite. Blades of Mesolithic age, scrappers and arrow-heads are made of chart stone. Pebble tools made of sand stone and dating to Neolithic age are also found here.

Chhototurki: This is a village in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division, where weapons dating back to Neolithic and Mesolithic ages have been found. Mesolithic weapons like blades scrappers and arrow heads are made of chart stone.

Dhansjol: This site is in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division where weapons of lower, middle and upper Paleolithic ages are found. Weapons like axe, scrapper and cutter etc. made of quartzite are also available.

Dolki : This village is under Nayagram PS of Jhargram sub-division. Stone age weapons are found here in a large number. These weapons are of lower-Paleolithic age to Neolithic age. Lower Paleolithic weapons made of quartzite and axe, arrow head, scrapper etc. are of higher Paleolithic phase and made of chart stone. Middle Paleolithic weapons like cutters, blades and arrow heads are made of same stone. An axe, made of sand stone, dating back to Neolithic age was also found here.

Ghoripincha: This site is in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division. Various types of stone evidences of lower Paleolithic age to Neolithic age have been discovered here. Weapons like axe, cleaver and pebble tools are found here. Axe and arrow heads are made of quartzite and dating back to middle Paleolithic age. Arrow head etc. of Neolithic age has been discovered here.

Hatibari: This site is in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division. Cutter weapons have been discovered here, which are dating back to lower Paleolithic ages and made of quartzite. Neolithic pebble tools are also found here. Paleolithic weapons are shaped as ‘U’ and ‘V’ letters. Weapons both of abbevillian and Achullian types are found here.

Hatimara: This site is in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division. Hand axes and cutters, made of quartzite dating back to lower Paleolithic age and blade and scrapper, made of chart stone and dating back to middle Paleolithic age and round shaped proto-evidence, made of sand stone, dating back to Neolithic age and chisel has been discovered here.

Jamagara: This site is in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division, where evidences of lower and middle Paleolithic ages have been found.

Karkata: This is a village in Binpur PS of Jhargram sub-division, where an important pre-historic site has been discovered. A great number of stone weapons came to collection from this place. These are mostly of Paleolithic ages. No evidence of Neolithic phase was found here.

Kayasol: This is a village in Gopiballavpur PS of Jhargram sub-division, from where a good number of stone weapons have been discovered. Weapons of lower and middle Paleolithic and of Mesolithic ages have been found here.

Kele Jharia: This site is under Jhargram PS. Stone weapons of lower and middle Paleolithic and Mesolithic phases are found here. Mesolithic weapons, such as scrappers, arrow heads, blades and triangular stone weapons have been found here. These chart stone weapons are very important.

Kurchibani: This site is in Nayagram PS of Jhargram Sub-division. Weapons of lower Paleolithic and Mesolithic ages have been found here. These are of quartz stone and Mesolithic weapons are made of chart stone.

Kurumberia: This site is under Gopiballavpur of Jhargram sub-division. Remains of lower Paleolithic and Mesolithic cultures have been discovered from this site. Cutters, blades and arrow heads of Mesolithic culture have been found here.

Macha Bandha: Evidences of Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic ages have been discovered here. Hand axes, made of quartzite and dating back to lower Paleolithic phase, have been discovered here. Among the Neolithic tools mention may be made of ring stone weapons.

Other important pre-historic sites:

Sl. No. Name of the site Sub-division PS
1.
Mantabani
Jhargram
Jamboni
2
Payrakuli
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur
3.
Panbaraj
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur
4.
Panisol
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur
5.
Phulladiha
Jhargram
Nayagram
6.
Pandapeta
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur
7.
Purnapani
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur
8.
Raybani
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur
9.
Salgeria
Jhargram
Gopiballavpur

Besides this, the sites of Subarnarekha basin, mention should be made of Sasara, Taldangra, Tenlate, Tikayetpur,, Urusbhanga, Astajuri, Amarshi, Barabhum, Baludi, Baharasol, Champakhal, Champahati, Garbeta, Gidhni, Gopagriha, Kalgaon, Kukrakhupi, Karnagarh, Lalgarh, Salboni, Sapkota pahar and Bhelia etc. also.